Causes and Treatments of Hair Loss

Hair loss is an issue that millions of people face. While losing 50–100 strands per day is natural, the problem arises when you begin to notice thinning hair and bald patches. Hair loss can be caused by a variety of factors, including pollution, wearing tight braids, a lack of nutrients, and illnesses.   

Causes Of Hair Loss-  

Hair growth decreases and hair loss increases as you get older. This is an inevitable part of life. There are, however, a few common causes of hair loss that everyone should be aware of. So in this article, Dr. Gajanan Jadhao who is one of the best Kerala based hair transplant surgeon will discuss the common causes of hair loss in both men & women. Following are the common causes of hair loss as stated by Dr. Jadhao:   

  • Not only in India, androgenic/androgenetic alopecia is one of the major reason of hair fall in the whole world. It is a hereditary hair disease that affects both men and women and induces permanent hair loss from the scalp.   
  • Telogen effluvium is a condition in which you suffer severe hair loss after an illness such as a high fever, a viral infection, or surgery. This usually results in temporary hair loss that improves when the underlying cause of the disease is addressed.   
  • Whether you’re taking blood thinners or anti-hypertensive drugs, you’re more likely to experience hair loss. Chemotherapy medications and birth control pills are in the same boat as stated by the specialists.   
  • Stress causes the body to release the hormone cortisol, which may interfere with the proper functioning of other hormones, resulting in hair loss.   
  • Hair loss may be caused by hormonal issues such as hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or poly cystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Hair loss may also be caused by hormonal changes that occur during childbirth and during menopause.   
  • Hair loss is also common in people with eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa (not eating enough) and anorexia bulimia (not eating enough) (vomiting after eating).   
  • Trichotillomania is an impulsive control condition characterized by an insatiable and persistent desire to pull hair from the eyebrows, scalp, and other parts of the body. This is a mental illness that necessitates medical attention.   
  • Some bacteria and fungi may invade the scalp, resulting in hair loss. Ringworm infection and dandruff are two common scalp infections.   
  • Nutritional deficiencies can also stifle hair growth and cause hair loss. Protein, zinc, iron, niacin, selenium, biotin, and Vitamin A deficiency are only a few of the common deficiencies that can cause hair loss. This may also be the result of bad eating habits or the use of fad diets to lose weight.   
  • The use of hair dyes, gels, and sprays on a regular basis can cause hair damage. Hair loss can also be caused by wearing tight braids and hairstyles, combing and brushing the hair vigorously, shampooing every day, or using heated styling products including hair straighteners and curlers on a regular basis.   

Hair Loss Treatment   

Hair loss can be treated in a variety of ways. Consult a specialist to determine the precise cause of hair loss and the appropriate treatment. The earlier you see a specialist and get a correct diagnosis, the higher your chances of preventing hair loss and falling out are. Here’s a fast rundown of the most popular hair loss treatments, which range from drugs to hair transplants.   

  • Minoxidil is an FDA-approved over-the-counter drug that can be used for both men and women. The 5 percent concentration is used to treat male pattern baldness when applied topically, while the 2 percent concentration is only approved for female pattern baldness care. It is known to stop hair thinning and stimulate hair growth.   
  • Finasteride is an FDA-approved medicine for the medical treatment of hair loss in men. It’s a prescription medicine that’s widely used to treat an enlarged prostate, but it’s often used to treat hair loss at a higher dose. It inhibits the development of the hormone 5-dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which has been related to hair loss.   
  • Corticosteroids are hormones that are used to treat inflammation and hair loss. This is normally in the form of an injection that is administered into the scalp to improve hair growth.   
  • Hair transplantation is one of the most popular method to deal with hair loss. The two most popular hair transplant techniques are Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) and Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT). FUT involves the transplantation of hair-bearing skin strips from the scalp into bald spots. FUE involves making incisions around each follicle unit before transplanting it to the balding region. Consult your hair transplant surgeon to decide which treatment is best for you.   

Remember to talk to your doctor about your hair loss issue in depth. Your doctor will formulate a treatment plan based on the causes of hair loss and inform you of the benefits and drawbacks of treatment option. Before going for any hair loss treatment, ask your doctor everything you want to know about it and be completely aware of the side effects and expectations. Making a few changes to your diet or lifestyle may have a positive effect in certain cases. As a result, it’s important to speak with a doctor to determine the exact cause and the best course of action.